Kazan Trade Fair
Orenburg path, 8
+7 (843) 258-31-70
Kazan – excursion
In the beginning of the Xcentury, Volga Bulgaria State is formed on the way of Volga. In 922 trade and adoption of Islam by Volga Bulgarians promoted the most rapid growth of the towns. Thus, at the turn of the X-XII century Kazan was founded by Bulgarians for the guarding of the North borders and the haggling with Finno-Ugric tribes. Eventually the strategic significance of this commercial town increased so much that in the XII the wooden walls were substituted for the stone walls and south extremity expanded by the commercial handicraft trading quarter. A new period in the development of the town begins after Mongolian conquest. In 1236-1240 the town increases in several times because of the inflow of the large number of refugees from Kama river area and the lower Volga. In the XIII century Kazan becomes the second town by the significance in Bulgaria. Its rulers had the title «Great Sultan, the most noble assistant of Sultans, honored…victorious emir… a pride of generation and faith, the shadow of world God…», they had the equal status with the rulers of Bulgar and Russian principalities, also they were the vassals of Khans of Golden Horde.
In 1376 in epoch of «Great distemper» Kazan returned fire by the guns and used the camel «cavalry» in several hundred of the heads beating off Dmitry Donskoy’s forces. In 1431 after destructive Tamerlan’s campaigns, destruction and plunder of Bulgar town by FedorPestriy’s forces, Kazan becomes administrative and economic Bulgaria’s centre. The name of the town «Bulgar Al’-Jadit»-«New Bulgar» is minted on its coins.
From 1438 Kazan is the capital of Kazan Khanate. Ulu Mohamed, one of the last Khans of Golden Horde becomes a founder of the new state. Commercial handicraft large villages of settlement such as Kul-Ahmet, Kuraish and etc. begins to appear in Kazan. This town has always been famous by its fair on the Guest Island, on which the visitors arrived not only from Moscow and Tatar Khanates but from Turkey, Samarkand, Bukhara, Persia and Transcaucasia.
In the XVI century a blossom of culture begins in Kazan: the poets Mohamed-Amin Khan, Sharify and Muhammad’yar write here. In 1533 Suumbike gets married Jan Ali Khan and she is considered the last Kazan tsarina. Since Khanate was founded, Kazan has endured eleven sieges and in 1552 in the second of October, after two months sieges Kazan was conquered by the Russian forces. The survivor inhabitants were evicted to the swamps of Zakaban’e, where Tatar large village of settlement was formed.