Kazan Trade Fair
Orenburg path, 8
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People and fates
Khan is the title of the Turkic and Mongol rulers. By tradition on Russian language translated as “tsar”. Khans in the Golden Horde and Kazan Khanate always were from Genghis Khan generation.
Muhamedyar is a Tatar poet of the middle XVI century. He came of third-generation scholar’s family; he lived and worked at court of SafaGiray Khan. At the same time he was the guardian of the Khan’s family vault. In 1549, after the Khan’s death he is located in Moscow captivity. His death is shrouded in secrecy: according to one version he was killed near Murom, according to another version he was killed when Ivan the Terrible took Kazan. Muhamedyar wrote such works as “TuhvaiMardan” (The gift of Husbands) and “Nur I Sodur” (The light of Hearts). These works are entered into the golden fund of the East literature. The main keynote of his works are justice, honesty, liberality, humanity against the commonalty. Singing the working man as a cornerstone of medieval society, Muhamedyar applies to the rulers as on them depends the well-being of people:
Muhamedyar wrote: “Rule in cold blood and rationally. Let all calm down in the world — poor and rich”, than “The wolf and the lamb together will drink water and the duck with hawk together will hover in the sky.
Soyembike is the Queen, “the Khanbike” of the Kazan Khanate from 1533 to 1551. She is the daughter of NogaiBek Yusuf (the founder of the princely family of Yusuf), in 1533 was married to the Kazan Khan Jan-Ali. In 1535, after his death became the wife of Khan SafaGiray, in this marriage was born a son UtyamyshGiray. After the husband’s death she became a regent for her son in 1549-1551. In 1551 she was overthrown and taken to Moscow. After the taking of Kazan she was given “in reward” to Khan Shah-Ali, commanding by “large regiment” under siege. Utyamysh was baptized under the name of Alexander. After his death at the age of 17 he was buried in the Archangel Cathedral of the Moscow Kremlin with representatives of the ruling house of Rurik. Soyembike and her fate retained in the folk tales, the painters of today are often talk to her image. Remained one of the first her portraits of P.Dementiev “TsaritsaSoyembike s synom” the late XVIII- early XIX, made from early model by unknown author.
BibarsBek was one of the noble Emirs of the Kazan Khanate of the mid XVI. The citizen of Astrakhan Sharifi in his “Book of the Kazan District’s Victory” wrote about Bibars the following: “He is the local citizen, governor of the Bulgar District, favorite of the sultans, respectful man, sultan’s adviser, sultan’s treasury keeper always used to say
“I am not that person who will leave the battle field in cowardice,
The head which is in mud and blood it is my head,
Anybody who starts fighting plays with his own blood,
That person who escapes from the battle field plays with the troops’ blood”
Ulug-karachiShirin — that means Great Karachi Shirirn. In the Tatar Khanates the position of Karachi meant vizier in the Near East. Karachi-people were the members of the Divan. Divan consisted of the representatives from the four most famous families — Shirin, Kipchak, Argyn and Baryn. Ulug-karachi stands for a chairman of the Divan, he was always chosen from the Shirins.
HodjaNasretdin — folk character of the Muslim Orient, he is known in the area from Kazan to Egypt, from the Balkans to China. He is a philosopher, joker, wise man, foolish man, who is laughing at people’s wickedness: greediness, hypocrisy, cheating and cowardice. One of the first printed book called “Funny Stories about HodjaNasretdin” was released in Kazan in 1845.