Kazan Trade Fair
Orenburg path, 8
+7 (843) 258-31-70
Handicrafts of Khan’s Kazan
Pottery is an integral part of our daily living from the earliest times to the present day. The fictile craft of Kazan Tatars has an ancient history that goes back to the Volga Bulgarians. The painted glazed art pottery appears in XI-XII: at the clay base, made on a potter’s wheel, was applied a floral ornament and on top covered with a glass glaze. The zoomorphic style became the unique feature of the pottery of the Holden Horde and Kazan Khanate; when in the floral patterns discern the silhouettes of animals and birds. Age-old traditions of making and painting pottery, set up from times immemorial, are embodied in the works of our masters.
In the Middle Ages the skill of jewelers talked about the level of culture and art of the people more than all travelers and traders could tell. The most ancient types of Tatar jewelry dates back to VII century, to the art of the early Bulgarians. Our masters made a real found object using the techniques of filigree, niello, incrustation. The unique Tatar technique of lumpy filigree became the contribution to the world culture.
Art of building and willow weaving
Stone and wooden architecture of the Kazan Tatars includes carving (wood and stone both), monumental building and manufacturing of household items. However, the wooden architecture developed under the influence of Islam (as in West it developed under the influence of Christianity). The ruins of Bulgaria city, the floral ornaments and the verses from the Koran anciently covered every inch of the interior decoration of mosques, palaces and even the houses of inhabitants are demonstrative examples of the stone building of monuments. By architecture, luxury of decoration the ancient city can be contrasted with Samarkand and Bukhara. But only Bulgaria suffered more fires and lootings. And Kazan kept up the pace of Bulgaria, after the taking of Kazan the author of “The legend of Kazan kingdom” describes the entry of Ivan the Terrible:
And when Kazan-city was purified
There drove our own monarch,
…He came to the great square,
In the tsarist court from the horse
Jumped, surprised the former…
Oh, how many people so early
Fall here, for the sake of this city!
Well-spent opposed the Kazan
And fought to the finish with glory,
Because this kingdom is worth it!
And he went to the court, in the tsarist seni,
And he went to the palaces with roofs of gold,
And the chambers, admiring, inspecting
If only their beauty was destroyed
From the unceasing cannon shooting!
The wood carving is still the brand identity of each artist. The traditional floral ornament in the best traditions of Islamic art of building roaming from generation to generation, from house to house in master’s pocket acquires a second wind.
The willow weaving had another value. A lot of different things wove from the vines: fishing tackles, boats, baskets and even fence-nettings. Osier was heated on a fire became so elastic that taking any form.
Leather craft has always been on a high-laying level. People in Volga Bulgaria engaged by skin preparation. The leather made here has become famous throughout the world named “bulgari” that is “Bulgarian, made in Bulgaria”. Saffian and yuft (the leather of the combination tanning) producing by our ancestors since ancient times, underlain of “ the leather mosaic”. This unique Tatartechnique is performed the tradition Tatar footwear: slippers, high boots Ichig.
Weaving and gold thread
Traditionally, all fabric our women produced themselves, even the weaver loom was differed from the weaver loom of others people and was named “Tatar camp”. Traditionally, in the art weaving used manufactured (asalau) and loom (ch?pl?) techniques. The first is special to Turkic nation, the second to the nations of the Volga region generally. Tatar weaving has always differed by the abundance of stylized floral ornaments, that made our fabrics original and dissimilar from the others.
The gold thread (ukalapchig?) of Kazan Tatars also is rooted in the hoar of innumerable middle ages. It archaeologically recorded in XIII-XIV centuries. The originality of the Tatar gold thread lie in the technique of “satin stitch”, which is used at the time of Volga Bulgaria.
Smith craft and gun smithing
The iron and its derivatives came into general use since the early Iron Age. As far back as middle of the first millennium one purse-proud nomadic ruler called a Turkic Kagan “my founder” and since that the Turkic plate cavalry won more than one victory. From east came: Damascus steel, cast iron, broadswords, sabers and even stirrup came with the nomads. The art of our gunsmiths is rooted in this era of honor and valor. Traditionally, Tatar gunsmiths use casting, forging and caulking tool. Figured sabers with verses from the Koran and the good wishes to their innkeeper adorn the best collections of museums and private collections. The saber of Khan Gyyasaddin Mohammed Uzbek (1313-1341) is kept in the Hermitage Museum (St.Petersburg).